library

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:heavy_check_mark: test/library_checker/string/suffix_array.test.cpp

Depends on

Code

#define PROBLEM "https://judge.yosupo.jp/problem/suffixarray"
#include "my_template.hpp"

#include "other/io.hpp"


#include "string/suffix_array.hpp"


void solve() {
  STR(S);
  Suffix_Array sa(S);
  print(sa.SA);
}

signed main() {
  cin.tie(nullptr);
  ios::sync_with_stdio(false);
  cout << setprecision(15);

  solve();

  return 0;
}
#line 1 "test/library_checker/string/suffix_array.test.cpp"
#define PROBLEM "https://judge.yosupo.jp/problem/suffixarray"
#line 1 "my_template.hpp"
#if defined(LOCAL)
#include <my_template_compiled.hpp>
#else

// https://codeforces.com/blog/entry/96344
#pragma GCC optimize("Ofast,unroll-loops")
// いまの CF だとこれ入れると動かない?
// #pragma GCC target("avx2,popcnt")

#include <bits/stdc++.h>

using namespace std;

using ll = long long;
using u32 = unsigned int;
using u64 = unsigned long long;
using i128 = __int128;
using u128 = unsigned __int128;
using f128 = __float128;

template <class T>
constexpr T infty = 0;
template <>
constexpr int infty<int> = 1'000'000'000;
template <>
constexpr ll infty<ll> = ll(infty<int>) * infty<int> * 2;
template <>
constexpr u32 infty<u32> = infty<int>;
template <>
constexpr u64 infty<u64> = infty<ll>;
template <>
constexpr i128 infty<i128> = i128(infty<ll>) * infty<ll>;
template <>
constexpr double infty<double> = infty<ll>;
template <>
constexpr long double infty<long double> = infty<ll>;

using pi = pair<ll, ll>;
using vi = vector<ll>;
template <class T>
using vc = vector<T>;
template <class T>
using vvc = vector<vc<T>>;
template <class T>
using vvvc = vector<vvc<T>>;
template <class T>
using vvvvc = vector<vvvc<T>>;
template <class T>
using vvvvvc = vector<vvvvc<T>>;
template <class T>
using pq = priority_queue<T>;
template <class T>
using pqg = priority_queue<T, vector<T>, greater<T>>;

#define vv(type, name, h, ...) \
  vector<vector<type>> name(h, vector<type>(__VA_ARGS__))
#define vvv(type, name, h, w, ...)   \
  vector<vector<vector<type>>> name( \
      h, vector<vector<type>>(w, vector<type>(__VA_ARGS__)))
#define vvvv(type, name, a, b, c, ...)       \
  vector<vector<vector<vector<type>>>> name( \
      a, vector<vector<vector<type>>>(       \
             b, vector<vector<type>>(c, vector<type>(__VA_ARGS__))))

// https://trap.jp/post/1224/
#define FOR1(a) for (ll _ = 0; _ < ll(a); ++_)
#define FOR2(i, a) for (ll i = 0; i < ll(a); ++i)
#define FOR3(i, a, b) for (ll i = a; i < ll(b); ++i)
#define FOR4(i, a, b, c) for (ll i = a; i < ll(b); i += (c))
#define FOR1_R(a) for (ll i = (a)-1; i >= ll(0); --i)
#define FOR2_R(i, a) for (ll i = (a)-1; i >= ll(0); --i)
#define FOR3_R(i, a, b) for (ll i = (b)-1; i >= ll(a); --i)
#define overload4(a, b, c, d, e, ...) e
#define overload3(a, b, c, d, ...) d
#define FOR(...) overload4(__VA_ARGS__, FOR4, FOR3, FOR2, FOR1)(__VA_ARGS__)
#define FOR_R(...) overload3(__VA_ARGS__, FOR3_R, FOR2_R, FOR1_R)(__VA_ARGS__)

#define FOR_subset(t, s) \
  for (ll t = (s); t >= 0; t = (t == 0 ? -1 : (t - 1) & (s)))
#define all(x) x.begin(), x.end()
#define len(x) ll(x.size())
#define elif else if

#define eb emplace_back
#define mp make_pair
#define mt make_tuple
#define fi first
#define se second

#define stoi stoll

int popcnt(int x) { return __builtin_popcount(x); }
int popcnt(u32 x) { return __builtin_popcount(x); }
int popcnt(ll x) { return __builtin_popcountll(x); }
int popcnt(u64 x) { return __builtin_popcountll(x); }
int popcnt_mod_2(int x) { return __builtin_parity(x); }
int popcnt_mod_2(u32 x) { return __builtin_parity(x); }
int popcnt_mod_2(ll x) { return __builtin_parityll(x); }
int popcnt_mod_2(u64 x) { return __builtin_parityll(x); }
// (0, 1, 2, 3, 4) -> (-1, 0, 1, 1, 2)
int topbit(int x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : 31 - __builtin_clz(x)); }
int topbit(u32 x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : 31 - __builtin_clz(x)); }
int topbit(ll x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : 63 - __builtin_clzll(x)); }
int topbit(u64 x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : 63 - __builtin_clzll(x)); }
// (0, 1, 2, 3, 4) -> (-1, 0, 1, 0, 2)
int lowbit(int x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : __builtin_ctz(x)); }
int lowbit(u32 x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : __builtin_ctz(x)); }
int lowbit(ll x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : __builtin_ctzll(x)); }
int lowbit(u64 x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : __builtin_ctzll(x)); }

template <typename T>
T floor(T a, T b) {
  return a / b - (a % b && (a ^ b) < 0);
}
template <typename T>
T ceil(T x, T y) {
  return floor(x + y - 1, y);
}
template <typename T>
T bmod(T x, T y) {
  return x - y * floor(x, y);
}
template <typename T>
pair<T, T> divmod(T x, T y) {
  T q = floor(x, y);
  return {q, x - q * y};
}

template <typename T, typename U>
T SUM(const vector<U> &A) {
  T sm = 0;
  for (auto &&a: A) sm += a;
  return sm;
}

#define MIN(v) *min_element(all(v))
#define MAX(v) *max_element(all(v))
#define LB(c, x) distance((c).begin(), lower_bound(all(c), (x)))
#define UB(c, x) distance((c).begin(), upper_bound(all(c), (x)))
#define UNIQUE(x) \
  sort(all(x)), x.erase(unique(all(x)), x.end()), x.shrink_to_fit()

template <typename T>
T POP(deque<T> &que) {
  T a = que.front();
  que.pop_front();
  return a;
}
template <typename T>
T POP(pq<T> &que) {
  T a = que.top();
  que.pop();
  return a;
}
template <typename T>
T POP(pqg<T> &que) {
  T a = que.top();
  que.pop();
  return a;
}
template <typename T>
T POP(vc<T> &que) {
  T a = que.back();
  que.pop_back();
  return a;
}

template <typename F>
ll binary_search(F check, ll ok, ll ng, bool check_ok = true) {
  if (check_ok) assert(check(ok));
  while (abs(ok - ng) > 1) {
    auto x = (ng + ok) / 2;
    (check(x) ? ok : ng) = x;
  }
  return ok;
}
template <typename F>
double binary_search_real(F check, double ok, double ng, int iter = 100) {
  FOR(iter) {
    double x = (ok + ng) / 2;
    (check(x) ? ok : ng) = x;
  }
  return (ok + ng) / 2;
}

template <class T, class S>
inline bool chmax(T &a, const S &b) {
  return (a < b ? a = b, 1 : 0);
}
template <class T, class S>
inline bool chmin(T &a, const S &b) {
  return (a > b ? a = b, 1 : 0);
}

// ? は -1
vc<int> s_to_vi(const string &S, char first_char) {
  vc<int> A(S.size());
  FOR(i, S.size()) { A[i] = (S[i] != '?' ? S[i] - first_char : -1); }
  return A;
}

template <typename T, typename U>
vector<T> cumsum(vector<U> &A, int off = 1) {
  int N = A.size();
  vector<T> B(N + 1);
  FOR(i, N) { B[i + 1] = B[i] + A[i]; }
  if (off == 0) B.erase(B.begin());
  return B;
}

// stable sort
template <typename T>
vector<int> argsort(const vector<T> &A) {
  vector<int> ids(len(A));
  iota(all(ids), 0);
  sort(all(ids),
       [&](int i, int j) { return (A[i] == A[j] ? i < j : A[i] < A[j]); });
  return ids;
}

// A[I[0]], A[I[1]], ...
template <typename T>
vc<T> rearrange(const vc<T> &A, const vc<int> &I) {
  vc<T> B(len(I));
  FOR(i, len(I)) B[i] = A[I[i]];
  return B;
}
#endif
#line 1 "other/io.hpp"
#define FASTIO
#include <unistd.h>


// https://judge.yosupo.jp/submission/21623

namespace fastio {
static constexpr uint32_t SZ = 1 << 17;
char ibuf[SZ];
char obuf[SZ];
char out[100];
// pointer of ibuf, obuf

uint32_t pil = 0, pir = 0, por = 0;

struct Pre {
  char num[10000][4];
  constexpr Pre() : num() {
    for (int i = 0; i < 10000; i++) {
      int n = i;
      for (int j = 3; j >= 0; j--) {
        num[i][j] = n % 10 | '0';
        n /= 10;
      }
    }
  }
} constexpr pre;

inline void load() {
  memcpy(ibuf, ibuf + pil, pir - pil);
  pir = pir - pil + fread(ibuf + pir - pil, 1, SZ - pir + pil, stdin);
  pil = 0;
  if (pir < SZ) ibuf[pir++] = '\n';
}

inline void flush() {
  fwrite(obuf, 1, por, stdout);
  por = 0;
}

void rd(char &c) {
  do {
    if (pil + 1 > pir) load();
    c = ibuf[pil++];
  } while (isspace(c));
}

void rd(string &x) {
  x.clear();
  char c;
  do {
    if (pil + 1 > pir) load();
    c = ibuf[pil++];
  } while (isspace(c));
  do {
    x += c;
    if (pil == pir) load();
    c = ibuf[pil++];
  } while (!isspace(c));
}

template <typename T>
void rd_real(T &x) {
  string s;
  rd(s);
  x = stod(s);
}

template <typename T>
void rd_integer(T &x) {
  if (pil + 100 > pir) load();
  char c;
  do
    c = ibuf[pil++];
  while (c < '-');
  bool minus = 0;
  if constexpr (is_signed<T>::value || is_same_v<T, i128>) {
    if (c == '-') { minus = 1, c = ibuf[pil++]; }
  }
  x = 0;
  while ('0' <= c) { x = x * 10 + (c & 15), c = ibuf[pil++]; }
  if constexpr (is_signed<T>::value || is_same_v<T, i128>) {
    if (minus) x = -x;
  }
}

void rd(int &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(ll &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(i128 &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(u32 &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(u64 &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(u128 &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(double &x) { rd_real(x); }
void rd(long double &x) { rd_real(x); }
void rd(f128 &x) { rd_real(x); }

template <class T, class U>
void rd(pair<T, U> &p) {
  return rd(p.first), rd(p.second);
}
template <size_t N = 0, typename T>
void rd_tuple(T &t) {
  if constexpr (N < std::tuple_size<T>::value) {
    auto &x = std::get<N>(t);
    rd(x);
    rd_tuple<N + 1>(t);
  }
}
template <class... T>
void rd(tuple<T...> &tpl) {
  rd_tuple(tpl);
}

template <size_t N = 0, typename T>
void rd(array<T, N> &x) {
  for (auto &d: x) rd(d);
}
template <class T>
void rd(vc<T> &x) {
  for (auto &d: x) rd(d);
}

void read() {}
template <class H, class... T>
void read(H &h, T &... t) {
  rd(h), read(t...);
}

void wt(const char c) {
  if (por == SZ) flush();
  obuf[por++] = c;
}
void wt(const string s) {
  for (char c: s) wt(c);
}
void wt(const char *s) {
  size_t len = strlen(s);
  for (size_t i = 0; i < len; i++) wt(s[i]);
}

template <typename T>
void wt_integer(T x) {
  if (por > SZ - 100) flush();
  if (x < 0) { obuf[por++] = '-', x = -x; }
  int outi;
  for (outi = 96; x >= 10000; outi -= 4) {
    memcpy(out + outi, pre.num[x % 10000], 4);
    x /= 10000;
  }
  if (x >= 1000) {
    memcpy(obuf + por, pre.num[x], 4);
    por += 4;
  } else if (x >= 100) {
    memcpy(obuf + por, pre.num[x] + 1, 3);
    por += 3;
  } else if (x >= 10) {
    int q = (x * 103) >> 10;
    obuf[por] = q | '0';
    obuf[por + 1] = (x - q * 10) | '0';
    por += 2;
  } else
    obuf[por++] = x | '0';
  memcpy(obuf + por, out + outi + 4, 96 - outi);
  por += 96 - outi;
}

template <typename T>
void wt_real(T x) {
  ostringstream oss;
  oss << fixed << setprecision(15) << double(x);
  string s = oss.str();
  wt(s);
}

void wt(int x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(ll x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(i128 x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(u32 x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(u64 x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(u128 x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(double x) { wt_real(x); }
void wt(long double x) { wt_real(x); }
void wt(f128 x) { wt_real(x); }

template <class T, class U>
void wt(const pair<T, U> val) {
  wt(val.first);
  wt(' ');
  wt(val.second);
}
template <size_t N = 0, typename T>
void wt_tuple(const T t) {
  if constexpr (N < std::tuple_size<T>::value) {
    if constexpr (N > 0) { wt(' '); }
    const auto x = std::get<N>(t);
    wt(x);
    wt_tuple<N + 1>(t);
  }
}
template <class... T>
void wt(tuple<T...> tpl) {
  wt_tuple(tpl);
}
template <class T, size_t S>
void wt(const array<T, S> val) {
  auto n = val.size();
  for (size_t i = 0; i < n; i++) {
    if (i) wt(' ');
    wt(val[i]);
  }
}
template <class T>
void wt(const vector<T> val) {
  auto n = val.size();
  for (size_t i = 0; i < n; i++) {
    if (i) wt(' ');
    wt(val[i]);
  }
}

void print() { wt('\n'); }
template <class Head, class... Tail>
void print(Head &&head, Tail &&... tail) {
  wt(head);
  if (sizeof...(Tail)) wt(' ');
  print(forward<Tail>(tail)...);
}

// gcc expansion. called automaticall after main.

void __attribute__((destructor)) _d() { flush(); }
} // namespace fastio

using fastio::read;
using fastio::print;
using fastio::flush;

#if defined(LOCAL)
#define SHOW(...) \
  SHOW_IMPL(__VA_ARGS__, SHOW4, SHOW3, SHOW2, SHOW1)(__VA_ARGS__)
#define SHOW_IMPL(_1, _2, _3, _4, NAME, ...) NAME
#define SHOW1(x) print(#x, "=", (x)), flush()
#define SHOW2(x, y) print(#x, "=", (x), #y, "=", (y)), flush()
#define SHOW3(x, y, z) print(#x, "=", (x), #y, "=", (y), #z, "=", (z)), flush()
#define SHOW4(x, y, z, w) \
  print(#x, "=", (x), #y, "=", (y), #z, "=", (z), #w, "=", (w)), flush()
#else
#define SHOW(...)
#endif

#define INT(...)   \
  int __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define LL(...)   \
  ll __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define U32(...)   \
  u32 __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define U64(...)   \
  u64 __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define STR(...)      \
  string __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define CHAR(...)   \
  char __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define DBL(...)      \
  double __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)

#define VEC(type, name, size) \
  vector<type> name(size);    \
  read(name)
#define VV(type, name, h, w)                     \
  vector<vector<type>> name(h, vector<type>(w)); \
  read(name)

void YES(bool t = 1) { print(t ? "YES" : "NO"); }
void NO(bool t = 1) { YES(!t); }
void Yes(bool t = 1) { print(t ? "Yes" : "No"); }
void No(bool t = 1) { Yes(!t); }
void yes(bool t = 1) { print(t ? "yes" : "no"); }
void no(bool t = 1) { yes(!t); }
#line 4 "test/library_checker/string/suffix_array.test.cpp"

#line 2 "string/suffix_array.hpp"

#line 2 "alg/monoid/min.hpp"

template <typename E>
struct Monoid_Min {
  using X = E;
  using value_type = X;
  static constexpr X op(const X &x, const X &y) noexcept { return min(x, y); }
  static constexpr X unit() { return infty<E>; }
  static constexpr bool commute = true;
};
#line 2 "ds/sparse_table/sparse_table.hpp"

// 冪等なモノイドであることを仮定。disjoint sparse table より x 倍高速
template <class Monoid>
struct Sparse_Table {
  using MX = Monoid;
  using X = typename MX::value_type;
  int n, log;
  vvc<X> dat;

  Sparse_Table() {}
  Sparse_Table(int n) { build(n); }
  template <typename F>
  Sparse_Table(int n, F f) {
    build(n, f);
  }
  Sparse_Table(const vc<X>& v) { build(v); }

  void build(int m) {
    build(m, [](int i) -> X { return MX::unit(); });
  }
  void build(const vc<X>& v) {
    build(len(v), [&](int i) -> X { return v[i]; });
  }
  template <typename F>
  void build(int m, F f) {
    n = m, log = 1;
    while ((1 << log) < n) ++log;
    dat.resize(log);
    dat[0].resize(n);
    FOR(i, n) dat[0][i] = f(i);

    FOR(i, log - 1) {
      dat[i + 1].resize(len(dat[i]) - (1 << i));
      FOR(j, len(dat[i]) - (1 << i)) {
        dat[i + 1][j] = MX::op(dat[i][j], dat[i][j + (1 << i)]);
      }
    }
  }

  X prod(int L, int R) {
    if (L == R) return MX::unit();
    if (R == L + 1) return dat[0][L];
    int k = topbit(R - L - 1);
    return MX::op(dat[k][L], dat[k][R - (1 << k)]);
  }

  template <class F>
  int max_right(const F check, int L) {
    assert(0 <= L && L <= n && check(MX::unit()));
    if (L == n) return n;
    int ok = L, ng = n + 1;
    while (ok + 1 < ng) {
      int k = (ok + ng) / 2;
      bool bl = check(prod(L, k));
      if (bl) ok = k;
      if (!bl) ng = k;
    }
    return ok;
  }

  template <class F>
  int min_left(const F check, int R) {
    assert(0 <= R && R <= n && check(MX::unit()));
    if (R == 0) return 0;
    int ok = R, ng = -1;
    while (ng + 1 < ok) {
      int k = (ok + ng) / 2;
      bool bl = check(prod(k, R));
      if (bl) ok = k;
      if (!bl) ng = k;
    }
    return ok;
  }
};
#line 5 "string/suffix_array.hpp"

// 辞書順 i 番目の suffix が j 文字目始まりであるとき、
// SA[i] = j, ISA[j] = i
// |S|>0 を前提(そうでない場合 dummy 文字を追加して利用せよ)
struct Suffix_Array {
  vc<int> SA;
  vc<int> ISA;
  vc<int> LCP;
  Sparse_Table<Monoid_Min<int>> seg;
  bool build_seg;

  Suffix_Array(string& s) {
    build_seg = 0;
    assert(len(s) > 0);
    char first = 127, last = 0;
    for (auto&& c: s) {
      chmin(first, c);
      chmax(last, c);
    }
    SA = calc_suffix_array(s, first, last);
    calc_LCP(s);
  }

  Suffix_Array(vc<int>& s) {
    build_seg = 0;
    assert(len(s) > 0);
    SA = calc_suffix_array(s);
    calc_LCP(s);
  }

  // lcp(S[i:], S[j:])
  int lcp(int i, int j) {
    if (!build_seg) {
      build_seg = true;
      seg.build(LCP);
    }
    int n = len(SA);
    if (i == n || j == n) return 0;
    if (i == j) return n - i;
    i = ISA[i], j = ISA[j];
    if (i > j) swap(i, j);
    return seg.prod(i, j);
  }

  // S[i:] との lcp が n 以上であるような半開区間
  pair<int, int> lcp_range(int i, int n) {
    if (!build_seg) {
      build_seg = true;
      seg.build(LCP);
    }
    i = ISA[i];
    int a = seg.min_left([&](auto e) -> bool { return e >= n; }, i);
    int b = seg.max_right([&](auto e) -> bool { return e >= n; }, i);
    return {a, b + 1};
  }

  // -1: S[L1:R1) < S[L2, R2)
  //  0: S[L1:R1) = S[L2, R2)
  // +1: S[L1:R1) > S[L2, R2)
  int compare(int L1, int R1, int L2, int R2) {
    int n1 = R1 - L1, n2 = R2 - L2;
    int n = lcp(L1, L2);
    if (n == n1 && n == n2) return 0;
    if (n == n1) return -1;
    if (n == n2) return 1;
    return (ISA[L1 + n] > ISA[L2 + n] ? 1 : -1);
  }

private:
  void induced_sort(const vc<int>& vect, int val_range, vc<int>& SA,
                    const vc<bool>& sl, const vc<int>& lms_idx) {
    vc<int> l(val_range, 0), r(val_range, 0);
    for (int c: vect) {
      if (c + 1 < val_range) ++l[c + 1];
      ++r[c];
    }
    partial_sum(l.begin(), l.end(), l.begin());
    partial_sum(r.begin(), r.end(), r.begin());
    fill(SA.begin(), SA.end(), -1);
    for (int i = (int)lms_idx.size() - 1; i >= 0; --i)
      SA[--r[vect[lms_idx[i]]]] = lms_idx[i];
    for (int i: SA)
      if (i >= 1 && sl[i - 1]) SA[l[vect[i - 1]]++] = i - 1;
    fill(r.begin(), r.end(), 0);
    for (int c: vect) ++r[c];
    partial_sum(r.begin(), r.end(), r.begin());
    for (int k = (int)SA.size() - 1, i = SA[k]; k >= 1; --k, i = SA[k])
      if (i >= 1 && !sl[i - 1]) { SA[--r[vect[i - 1]]] = i - 1; }
  }

  vc<int> SA_IS(const vc<int>& vect, int val_range) {
    const int n = vect.size();
    vc<int> SA(n), lms_idx;
    vc<bool> sl(n);
    sl[n - 1] = false;
    for (int i = n - 2; i >= 0; --i) {
      sl[i] = (vect[i] > vect[i + 1] || (vect[i] == vect[i + 1] && sl[i + 1]));
      if (sl[i] && !sl[i + 1]) lms_idx.push_back(i + 1);
    }
    reverse(lms_idx.begin(), lms_idx.end());
    induced_sort(vect, val_range, SA, sl, lms_idx);
    vc<int> new_lms_idx(lms_idx.size()), lms_vec(lms_idx.size());
    for (int i = 0, k = 0; i < n; ++i)
      if (!sl[SA[i]] && SA[i] >= 1 && sl[SA[i] - 1]) {
        new_lms_idx[k++] = SA[i];
      }
    int cur = 0;
    SA[n - 1] = cur;
    for (size_t k = 1; k < new_lms_idx.size(); ++k) {
      int i = new_lms_idx[k - 1], j = new_lms_idx[k];
      if (vect[i] != vect[j]) {
        SA[j] = ++cur;
        continue;
      }
      bool flag = false;
      for (int a = i + 1, b = j + 1;; ++a, ++b) {
        if (vect[a] != vect[b]) {
          flag = true;
          break;
        }
        if ((!sl[a] && sl[a - 1]) || (!sl[b] && sl[b - 1])) {
          flag = !((!sl[a] && sl[a - 1]) && (!sl[b] && sl[b - 1]));
          break;
        }
      }
      SA[j] = (flag ? ++cur : cur);
    }
    for (size_t i = 0; i < lms_idx.size(); ++i) lms_vec[i] = SA[lms_idx[i]];
    if (cur + 1 < (int)lms_idx.size()) {
      auto lms_SA = SA_IS(lms_vec, cur + 1);
      for (size_t i = 0; i < lms_idx.size(); ++i) {
        new_lms_idx[i] = lms_idx[lms_SA[i]];
      }
    }
    induced_sort(vect, val_range, SA, sl, new_lms_idx);
    return SA;
  }

  vc<int> calc_suffix_array(const string& s, const char first = 'a',
                            const char last = 'z') {
    vc<int> vect(s.size() + 1);
    copy(begin(s), end(s), begin(vect));
    for (auto& x: vect) x -= (int)first - 1;
    vect.back() = 0;
    auto ret = SA_IS(vect, (int)last - (int)first + 2);
    ret.erase(ret.begin());
    return ret;
  }

  vc<int> calc_suffix_array(const vc<int>& s) {
    vc<int> ss = s;
    UNIQUE(ss);

    vc<int> vect(s.size() + 1);
    copy(all(s), vect.begin());
    for (auto& x: vect) x = LB(ss, x) + 1;
    vect.back() = 0;
    auto ret = SA_IS(vect, MAX(vect) + 2);
    ret.erase(ret.begin());
    return ret;
  }

  template <typename STRING>
  void calc_LCP(const STRING& s) {
    int n = s.size(), k = 0;
    ISA.resize(n);
    LCP.resize(n);
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) ISA[SA[i]] = i;
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++, k ? k-- : 0) {
      if (ISA[i] == n - 1) {
        k = 0;
        continue;
      }
      int j = SA[ISA[i] + 1];
      while (i + k < n && j + k < n && s[i + k] == s[j + k]) k++;
      LCP[ISA[i]] = k;
    }
    LCP.resize(n - 1);
  }
};
#line 6 "test/library_checker/string/suffix_array.test.cpp"

void solve() {
  STR(S);
  Suffix_Array sa(S);
  print(sa.SA);
}

signed main() {
  cin.tie(nullptr);
  ios::sync_with_stdio(false);
  cout << setprecision(15);

  solve();

  return 0;
}
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