library

This documentation is automatically generated by online-judge-tools/verification-helper

View the Project on GitHub maspypy/library

:heavy_check_mark: test/library_checker/geometry/convex_layers.test.cpp

Depends on

Code

#define PROBLEM "https://judge.yosupo.jp/problem/convex_layers"
#include "my_template.hpp"

#include "other/io.hpp"


#include "geo/convex_layers.hpp"


using P = Point<ll>;
void solve() {
  LL(N);
  vc<P> A(N);
  FOR(i, N) read(A[i]);
  auto layer = convex_layers(A);
  vc<int> ANS(N);
  FOR(i, len(layer)) {
    for (auto& j: layer[i]) ANS[j] = 1 + i;
    vc<P> X = rearrange(A, layer[i]);
    if (len(X) <= 2) continue;
    FOR(a, len(X)) {
      int b = (a + 1) % len(X);
      int c = (b + 1) % len(X);
      assert(ccw(X[a], X[b], X[c]) >= 0);
    }
  }
  for (auto& x: ANS) print(x);
}

signed main() {
  solve();

  return 0;
}
#line 1 "test/library_checker/geometry/convex_layers.test.cpp"
#define PROBLEM "https://judge.yosupo.jp/problem/convex_layers"
#line 1 "my_template.hpp"
#if defined(LOCAL)
#include <my_template_compiled.hpp>
#else

// https://codeforces.com/blog/entry/96344
#pragma GCC optimize("Ofast,unroll-loops")
// いまの CF だとこれ入れると動かない?
// #pragma GCC target("avx2,popcnt")

#include <bits/stdc++.h>

using namespace std;

using ll = long long;
using u32 = unsigned int;
using u64 = unsigned long long;
using i128 = __int128;
using u128 = unsigned __int128;
using f128 = __float128;

template <class T>
constexpr T infty = 0;
template <>
constexpr int infty<int> = 1'000'000'000;
template <>
constexpr ll infty<ll> = ll(infty<int>) * infty<int> * 2;
template <>
constexpr u32 infty<u32> = infty<int>;
template <>
constexpr u64 infty<u64> = infty<ll>;
template <>
constexpr i128 infty<i128> = i128(infty<ll>) * infty<ll>;
template <>
constexpr double infty<double> = infty<ll>;
template <>
constexpr long double infty<long double> = infty<ll>;

using pi = pair<ll, ll>;
using vi = vector<ll>;
template <class T>
using vc = vector<T>;
template <class T>
using vvc = vector<vc<T>>;
template <class T>
using vvvc = vector<vvc<T>>;
template <class T>
using vvvvc = vector<vvvc<T>>;
template <class T>
using vvvvvc = vector<vvvvc<T>>;
template <class T>
using pq = priority_queue<T>;
template <class T>
using pqg = priority_queue<T, vector<T>, greater<T>>;

#define vv(type, name, h, ...) \
  vector<vector<type>> name(h, vector<type>(__VA_ARGS__))
#define vvv(type, name, h, w, ...)   \
  vector<vector<vector<type>>> name( \
      h, vector<vector<type>>(w, vector<type>(__VA_ARGS__)))
#define vvvv(type, name, a, b, c, ...)       \
  vector<vector<vector<vector<type>>>> name( \
      a, vector<vector<vector<type>>>(       \
             b, vector<vector<type>>(c, vector<type>(__VA_ARGS__))))

// https://trap.jp/post/1224/
#define FOR1(a) for (ll _ = 0; _ < ll(a); ++_)
#define FOR2(i, a) for (ll i = 0; i < ll(a); ++i)
#define FOR3(i, a, b) for (ll i = a; i < ll(b); ++i)
#define FOR4(i, a, b, c) for (ll i = a; i < ll(b); i += (c))
#define FOR1_R(a) for (ll i = (a)-1; i >= ll(0); --i)
#define FOR2_R(i, a) for (ll i = (a)-1; i >= ll(0); --i)
#define FOR3_R(i, a, b) for (ll i = (b)-1; i >= ll(a); --i)
#define overload4(a, b, c, d, e, ...) e
#define overload3(a, b, c, d, ...) d
#define FOR(...) overload4(__VA_ARGS__, FOR4, FOR3, FOR2, FOR1)(__VA_ARGS__)
#define FOR_R(...) overload3(__VA_ARGS__, FOR3_R, FOR2_R, FOR1_R)(__VA_ARGS__)

#define FOR_subset(t, s) \
  for (ll t = (s); t >= 0; t = (t == 0 ? -1 : (t - 1) & (s)))
#define all(x) x.begin(), x.end()
#define len(x) ll(x.size())
#define elif else if

#define eb emplace_back
#define mp make_pair
#define mt make_tuple
#define fi first
#define se second

#define stoi stoll

int popcnt(int x) { return __builtin_popcount(x); }
int popcnt(u32 x) { return __builtin_popcount(x); }
int popcnt(ll x) { return __builtin_popcountll(x); }
int popcnt(u64 x) { return __builtin_popcountll(x); }
int popcnt_mod_2(int x) { return __builtin_parity(x); }
int popcnt_mod_2(u32 x) { return __builtin_parity(x); }
int popcnt_mod_2(ll x) { return __builtin_parityll(x); }
int popcnt_mod_2(u64 x) { return __builtin_parityll(x); }
// (0, 1, 2, 3, 4) -> (-1, 0, 1, 1, 2)
int topbit(int x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : 31 - __builtin_clz(x)); }
int topbit(u32 x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : 31 - __builtin_clz(x)); }
int topbit(ll x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : 63 - __builtin_clzll(x)); }
int topbit(u64 x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : 63 - __builtin_clzll(x)); }
// (0, 1, 2, 3, 4) -> (-1, 0, 1, 0, 2)
int lowbit(int x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : __builtin_ctz(x)); }
int lowbit(u32 x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : __builtin_ctz(x)); }
int lowbit(ll x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : __builtin_ctzll(x)); }
int lowbit(u64 x) { return (x == 0 ? -1 : __builtin_ctzll(x)); }

template <typename T>
T floor(T a, T b) {
  return a / b - (a % b && (a ^ b) < 0);
}
template <typename T>
T ceil(T x, T y) {
  return floor(x + y - 1, y);
}
template <typename T>
T bmod(T x, T y) {
  return x - y * floor(x, y);
}
template <typename T>
pair<T, T> divmod(T x, T y) {
  T q = floor(x, y);
  return {q, x - q * y};
}

template <typename T, typename U>
T SUM(const vector<U> &A) {
  T sm = 0;
  for (auto &&a: A) sm += a;
  return sm;
}

#define MIN(v) *min_element(all(v))
#define MAX(v) *max_element(all(v))
#define LB(c, x) distance((c).begin(), lower_bound(all(c), (x)))
#define UB(c, x) distance((c).begin(), upper_bound(all(c), (x)))
#define UNIQUE(x) \
  sort(all(x)), x.erase(unique(all(x)), x.end()), x.shrink_to_fit()

template <typename T>
T POP(deque<T> &que) {
  T a = que.front();
  que.pop_front();
  return a;
}
template <typename T>
T POP(pq<T> &que) {
  T a = que.top();
  que.pop();
  return a;
}
template <typename T>
T POP(pqg<T> &que) {
  T a = que.top();
  que.pop();
  return a;
}
template <typename T>
T POP(vc<T> &que) {
  T a = que.back();
  que.pop_back();
  return a;
}

template <typename F>
ll binary_search(F check, ll ok, ll ng, bool check_ok = true) {
  if (check_ok) assert(check(ok));
  while (abs(ok - ng) > 1) {
    auto x = (ng + ok) / 2;
    (check(x) ? ok : ng) = x;
  }
  return ok;
}
template <typename F>
double binary_search_real(F check, double ok, double ng, int iter = 100) {
  FOR(iter) {
    double x = (ok + ng) / 2;
    (check(x) ? ok : ng) = x;
  }
  return (ok + ng) / 2;
}

template <class T, class S>
inline bool chmax(T &a, const S &b) {
  return (a < b ? a = b, 1 : 0);
}
template <class T, class S>
inline bool chmin(T &a, const S &b) {
  return (a > b ? a = b, 1 : 0);
}

// ? は -1
vc<int> s_to_vi(const string &S, char first_char) {
  vc<int> A(S.size());
  FOR(i, S.size()) { A[i] = (S[i] != '?' ? S[i] - first_char : -1); }
  return A;
}

template <typename T, typename U>
vector<T> cumsum(vector<U> &A, int off = 1) {
  int N = A.size();
  vector<T> B(N + 1);
  FOR(i, N) { B[i + 1] = B[i] + A[i]; }
  if (off == 0) B.erase(B.begin());
  return B;
}

// stable sort
template <typename T>
vector<int> argsort(const vector<T> &A) {
  vector<int> ids(len(A));
  iota(all(ids), 0);
  sort(all(ids),
       [&](int i, int j) { return (A[i] == A[j] ? i < j : A[i] < A[j]); });
  return ids;
}

// A[I[0]], A[I[1]], ...
template <typename T>
vc<T> rearrange(const vc<T> &A, const vc<int> &I) {
  vc<T> B(len(I));
  FOR(i, len(I)) B[i] = A[I[i]];
  return B;
}
#endif
#line 1 "other/io.hpp"
#define FASTIO
#include <unistd.h>


// https://judge.yosupo.jp/submission/21623

namespace fastio {
static constexpr uint32_t SZ = 1 << 17;
char ibuf[SZ];
char obuf[SZ];
char out[100];
// pointer of ibuf, obuf

uint32_t pil = 0, pir = 0, por = 0;

struct Pre {
  char num[10000][4];
  constexpr Pre() : num() {
    for (int i = 0; i < 10000; i++) {
      int n = i;
      for (int j = 3; j >= 0; j--) {
        num[i][j] = n % 10 | '0';
        n /= 10;
      }
    }
  }
} constexpr pre;

inline void load() {
  memcpy(ibuf, ibuf + pil, pir - pil);
  pir = pir - pil + fread(ibuf + pir - pil, 1, SZ - pir + pil, stdin);
  pil = 0;
  if (pir < SZ) ibuf[pir++] = '\n';
}

inline void flush() {
  fwrite(obuf, 1, por, stdout);
  por = 0;
}

void rd(char &c) {
  do {
    if (pil + 1 > pir) load();
    c = ibuf[pil++];
  } while (isspace(c));
}

void rd(string &x) {
  x.clear();
  char c;
  do {
    if (pil + 1 > pir) load();
    c = ibuf[pil++];
  } while (isspace(c));
  do {
    x += c;
    if (pil == pir) load();
    c = ibuf[pil++];
  } while (!isspace(c));
}

template <typename T>
void rd_real(T &x) {
  string s;
  rd(s);
  x = stod(s);
}

template <typename T>
void rd_integer(T &x) {
  if (pil + 100 > pir) load();
  char c;
  do
    c = ibuf[pil++];
  while (c < '-');
  bool minus = 0;
  if constexpr (is_signed<T>::value || is_same_v<T, i128>) {
    if (c == '-') { minus = 1, c = ibuf[pil++]; }
  }
  x = 0;
  while ('0' <= c) { x = x * 10 + (c & 15), c = ibuf[pil++]; }
  if constexpr (is_signed<T>::value || is_same_v<T, i128>) {
    if (minus) x = -x;
  }
}

void rd(int &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(ll &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(i128 &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(u32 &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(u64 &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(u128 &x) { rd_integer(x); }
void rd(double &x) { rd_real(x); }
void rd(long double &x) { rd_real(x); }
void rd(f128 &x) { rd_real(x); }

template <class T, class U>
void rd(pair<T, U> &p) {
  return rd(p.first), rd(p.second);
}
template <size_t N = 0, typename T>
void rd_tuple(T &t) {
  if constexpr (N < std::tuple_size<T>::value) {
    auto &x = std::get<N>(t);
    rd(x);
    rd_tuple<N + 1>(t);
  }
}
template <class... T>
void rd(tuple<T...> &tpl) {
  rd_tuple(tpl);
}

template <size_t N = 0, typename T>
void rd(array<T, N> &x) {
  for (auto &d: x) rd(d);
}
template <class T>
void rd(vc<T> &x) {
  for (auto &d: x) rd(d);
}

void read() {}
template <class H, class... T>
void read(H &h, T &... t) {
  rd(h), read(t...);
}

void wt(const char c) {
  if (por == SZ) flush();
  obuf[por++] = c;
}
void wt(const string s) {
  for (char c: s) wt(c);
}
void wt(const char *s) {
  size_t len = strlen(s);
  for (size_t i = 0; i < len; i++) wt(s[i]);
}

template <typename T>
void wt_integer(T x) {
  if (por > SZ - 100) flush();
  if (x < 0) { obuf[por++] = '-', x = -x; }
  int outi;
  for (outi = 96; x >= 10000; outi -= 4) {
    memcpy(out + outi, pre.num[x % 10000], 4);
    x /= 10000;
  }
  if (x >= 1000) {
    memcpy(obuf + por, pre.num[x], 4);
    por += 4;
  } else if (x >= 100) {
    memcpy(obuf + por, pre.num[x] + 1, 3);
    por += 3;
  } else if (x >= 10) {
    int q = (x * 103) >> 10;
    obuf[por] = q | '0';
    obuf[por + 1] = (x - q * 10) | '0';
    por += 2;
  } else
    obuf[por++] = x | '0';
  memcpy(obuf + por, out + outi + 4, 96 - outi);
  por += 96 - outi;
}

template <typename T>
void wt_real(T x) {
  ostringstream oss;
  oss << fixed << setprecision(15) << double(x);
  string s = oss.str();
  wt(s);
}

void wt(int x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(ll x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(i128 x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(u32 x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(u64 x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(u128 x) { wt_integer(x); }
void wt(double x) { wt_real(x); }
void wt(long double x) { wt_real(x); }
void wt(f128 x) { wt_real(x); }

template <class T, class U>
void wt(const pair<T, U> val) {
  wt(val.first);
  wt(' ');
  wt(val.second);
}
template <size_t N = 0, typename T>
void wt_tuple(const T t) {
  if constexpr (N < std::tuple_size<T>::value) {
    if constexpr (N > 0) { wt(' '); }
    const auto x = std::get<N>(t);
    wt(x);
    wt_tuple<N + 1>(t);
  }
}
template <class... T>
void wt(tuple<T...> tpl) {
  wt_tuple(tpl);
}
template <class T, size_t S>
void wt(const array<T, S> val) {
  auto n = val.size();
  for (size_t i = 0; i < n; i++) {
    if (i) wt(' ');
    wt(val[i]);
  }
}
template <class T>
void wt(const vector<T> val) {
  auto n = val.size();
  for (size_t i = 0; i < n; i++) {
    if (i) wt(' ');
    wt(val[i]);
  }
}

void print() { wt('\n'); }
template <class Head, class... Tail>
void print(Head &&head, Tail &&... tail) {
  wt(head);
  if (sizeof...(Tail)) wt(' ');
  print(forward<Tail>(tail)...);
}

// gcc expansion. called automaticall after main.

void __attribute__((destructor)) _d() { flush(); }
} // namespace fastio

using fastio::read;
using fastio::print;
using fastio::flush;

#if defined(LOCAL)
#define SHOW(...) \
  SHOW_IMPL(__VA_ARGS__, SHOW4, SHOW3, SHOW2, SHOW1)(__VA_ARGS__)
#define SHOW_IMPL(_1, _2, _3, _4, NAME, ...) NAME
#define SHOW1(x) print(#x, "=", (x)), flush()
#define SHOW2(x, y) print(#x, "=", (x), #y, "=", (y)), flush()
#define SHOW3(x, y, z) print(#x, "=", (x), #y, "=", (y), #z, "=", (z)), flush()
#define SHOW4(x, y, z, w) \
  print(#x, "=", (x), #y, "=", (y), #z, "=", (z), #w, "=", (w)), flush()
#else
#define SHOW(...)
#endif

#define INT(...)   \
  int __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define LL(...)   \
  ll __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define U32(...)   \
  u32 __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define U64(...)   \
  u64 __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define STR(...)      \
  string __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define CHAR(...)   \
  char __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)
#define DBL(...)      \
  double __VA_ARGS__; \
  read(__VA_ARGS__)

#define VEC(type, name, size) \
  vector<type> name(size);    \
  read(name)
#define VV(type, name, h, w)                     \
  vector<vector<type>> name(h, vector<type>(w)); \
  read(name)

void YES(bool t = 1) { print(t ? "YES" : "NO"); }
void NO(bool t = 1) { YES(!t); }
void Yes(bool t = 1) { print(t ? "Yes" : "No"); }
void No(bool t = 1) { Yes(!t); }
void yes(bool t = 1) { print(t ? "yes" : "no"); }
void no(bool t = 1) { yes(!t); }
#line 4 "test/library_checker/geometry/convex_layers.test.cpp"

#line 2 "geo/base.hpp"
template <typename T>
struct Point {
  T x, y;

  Point() : x(0), y(0) {}

  template <typename A, typename B>
  Point(A x, B y) : x(x), y(y) {}

  template <typename A, typename B>
  Point(pair<A, B> p) : x(p.fi), y(p.se) {}

  Point operator+(Point p) const { return {x + p.x, y + p.y}; }
  Point operator-(Point p) const { return {x - p.x, y - p.y}; }
  bool operator==(Point p) const { return x == p.x && y == p.y; }
  bool operator!=(Point p) const { return x != p.x || y != p.y; }
  Point operator-() const { return {-x, -y}; }
  Point operator*(T t) const { return {x * t, y * t}; }
  Point operator/(T t) const { return {x / t, y / t}; }

  bool operator<(Point p) const {
    if (x != p.x) return x < p.x;
    return y < p.y;
  }
  T dot(Point other) { return x * other.x + y * other.y; }
  T det(Point other) { return x * other.y - y * other.x; }

  double norm() { return sqrtl(x * x + y * y); }
  double angle() { return atan2(y, x); }

  Point rotate(double theta) {
    static_assert(!is_integral<T>::value);
    double c = cos(theta), s = sin(theta);
    return Point{c * x - s * y, s * x + c * y};
  }
};

#ifdef FASTIO
template <typename T>
void rd(Point<T>& p) {
  fastio::rd(p.x), fastio::rd(p.y);
}
template <typename T>
void wt(Point<T>& p) {
  fastio::wt(p.x);
  fastio::wt(' ');
  fastio::wt(p.y);
}
#endif

// A -> B -> C と進むときに、左に曲がるならば +1、右に曲がるならば -1
template <typename T>
int ccw(Point<T> A, Point<T> B, Point<T> C) {
  T x = (B - A).det(C - A);
  if (x > 0) return 1;
  if (x < 0) return -1;
  return 0;
}

template <typename REAL, typename T, typename U>
REAL dist(Point<T> A, Point<U> B) {
  REAL dx = REAL(A.x) - REAL(B.x);
  REAL dy = REAL(A.y) - REAL(B.y);
  return sqrt(dx * dx + dy * dy);
}

// ax+by+c
template <typename T>
struct Line {
  T a, b, c;

  Line(T a, T b, T c) : a(a), b(b), c(c) {}
  Line(Point<T> A, Point<T> B) {
    a = A.y - B.y, b = B.x - A.x, c = A.x * B.y - A.y * B.x;
  }
  Line(T x1, T y1, T x2, T y2) : Line(Point<T>(x1, y1), Point<T>(x2, y2)) {}

  template <typename U>
  U eval(Point<U> P) {
    return a * P.x + b * P.y + c;
  }

  template <typename U>
  T eval(U x, U y) {
    return a * x + b * y + c;
  }

  // 同じ直線が同じ a,b,c で表現されるようにする
  void normalize() {
    static_assert(is_same_v<T, int> || is_same_v<T, long long>);
    T g = gcd(gcd(abs(a), abs(b)), abs(c));
    a /= g, b /= g, c /= g;
    if (b < 0) { a = -a, b = -b, c = -c; }
    if (b == 0 && a < 0) { a = -a, b = -b, c = -c; }
  }

  bool is_parallel(Line other) { return a * other.b - b * other.a == 0; }
  bool is_orthogonal(Line other) { return a * other.a + b * other.b == 0; }
};

template <typename T>
struct Segment {
  Point<T> A, B;

  Segment(Point<T> A, Point<T> B) : A(A), B(B) {}
  Segment(T x1, T y1, T x2, T y2)
      : Segment(Point<T>(x1, y1), Point<T>(x2, y2)) {}

  bool contain(Point<T> C) {
    static_assert(is_integral<T>::value);
    T det = (C - A).det(B - A);
    if (det != 0) return 0;
    return (C - A).dot(B - A) >= 0 && (C - B).dot(A - B) >= 0;
  }

  Line<T> to_Line() { return Line(A, B); }
};

template <typename REAL>
struct Circle {
  Point<REAL> O;
  REAL r;
  Circle(Point<REAL> O, REAL r) : O(O), r(r) {}
  Circle(REAL x, REAL y, REAL r) : O(x, y), r(r) {}
  template <typename T>
  bool contain(Point<T> p) {
    REAL dx = p.x - O.x, dy = p.y - O.y;
    return dx * dx + dy * dy <= r * r;
  }
};

template <typename T>
struct Polygon {
  vc<Point<T>> points;
  T a;

  template <typename A, typename B>
  Polygon(vc<pair<A, B>> pairs) {
    for (auto&& [a, b]: pairs) points.eb(Point<T>(a, b));
    build();
  }
  Polygon(vc<Point<T>> points) : points(points) { build(); }

  int size() { return len(points); }

  template <typename REAL>
  REAL area() {
    return a * 0.5;
  }

  template <enable_if_t<is_integral<T>::value, int> = 0>
  T area_2() {
    return a;
  }

  bool is_convex() {
    FOR(j, len(points)) {
      int i = (j == 0 ? len(points) - 1 : j - 1);
      int k = (j == len(points) - 1 ? 0 : j + 1);
      if ((points[j] - points[i]).det(points[k] - points[j]) < 0) return false;
    }
    return true;
  }

private:
  void build() {
    a = 0;
    FOR(i, len(points)) {
      int j = (i + 1 == len(points) ? 0 : i + 1);
      a += points[i].det(points[j]);
    }
    if (a < 0) {
      a = -a;
      reverse(all(points));
    }
  }
};
#line 2 "geo/dynamicupperhull.hpp"

/*
https://codeforces.com/blog/entry/75929
動的凸包。
x 座標でソートして完全二分木のセグ木の形にしておく。
セグ木のマージ部分(次の bridge を求める)で二分探索する。
bridge 同士の 4 点での上側凸包を見れば、次に探索するべき区間対が分かる。

構築 O(NlogN)、更新 O(Nlog^2N)
座標 10^9 以下の整数を仮定
*/
template <typename Point>
struct DynamicUpperHull {
  struct node {
    int l, r;   // 範囲 (-1 if no vertex)

    int bl, br; // bridge idx

  };
  int N, sz;
  vc<Point> P;
  vc<node> seg;
  // 受け取ったインデックスとの対応

  vc<int> to_original_idx, to_seg_idx;

  DynamicUpperHull(vc<Point> P) : DynamicUpperHull(P, 0) {}
  DynamicUpperHull(vc<Point> P, bool b)
      : DynamicUpperHull(P, vc<bool>(len(P), b)) {}

  DynamicUpperHull(vc<Point> _P, vc<bool> isin) : N(len(_P)), P(_P) {
    to_original_idx = argsort(P);
    sort(all(P));
    sz = 1;
    while (sz < N) sz *= 2;
    to_seg_idx.resize(N);
    seg.assign(sz + sz, {-1, -1, -1, -1});
    for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) to_seg_idx[to_original_idx[i]] = i;
    for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i)
      if (isin[to_original_idx[i]]) { seg[sz + i] = {i, i + 1, i, i}; }
    FOR3_R(i, 1, sz) update(i);
  }

  void insert(int i) {
    i = to_seg_idx[i];
    seg[sz + i] = {i, i + 1, i, i};
    i = (sz + i) / 2;
    while (i) {
      update(i);
      i /= 2;
    }
  }
  void add(int i) { insert(i); }

  void erase(int i) {
    i = to_seg_idx[i];
    seg[sz + i] = {-1, -1, -1, -1};
    i = (sz + i) / 2;
    while (i) {
      update(i);
      i /= 2;
    }
  }
  void remove(int i) { insert(i); }

  inline bool exist(int i) { return seg[i].r != -1; }

  void update(int i) {
    if (!exist(2 * i + 0) && !exist(2 * i + 1)) {
      seg[i].r = -1;
      return;
    }
    if (!exist(2 * i + 0)) {
      seg[i] = seg[2 * i + 1];
      return;
    }
    if (!exist(2 * i + 1)) {
      seg[i] = seg[2 * i + 0];
      return;
    }
    int p = 2 * i, q = 2 * i + 1;
    ll X = P[seg[q].l].x;
    while (p < sz || q < sz) {
      if (p < sz && !exist(2 * p + 0)) {
        p = 2 * p + 1;
        continue;
      }
      if (p < sz && !exist(2 * p + 1)) {
        p = 2 * p + 0;
        continue;
      }
      if (q < sz && !exist(2 * q + 0)) {
        q = 2 * q + 1;
        continue;
      }
      if (q < sz && !exist(2 * q + 1)) {
        q = 2 * q + 0;
        continue;
      }
      int a = seg[p].bl, b = seg[p].br, c = seg[q].bl, d = seg[q].br;
      if (a != b && (P[b] - P[a]).det(P[c] - P[a]) > 0) p = p * 2 + 0;
      elif (c != d && (P[c] - P[b]).det(P[d] - P[b]) > 0) q = 2 * q + 1;
      elif (a == b) q = 2 * q + 0;
      elif (c == d) p = 2 * p + 1;
      else {
        i128 c1 = (P[b] - P[a]).det(P[c] - P[a]);
        i128 c2 = (P[a] - P[b]).det(P[d] - P[b]);
        if (c1 + c2 == 0 || c1 * P[d].x + c2 * P[c].x < X * (c1 + c2)) {
          p = 2 * p + 1;
        } else {
          q = 2 * q + 0;
        }
      }
    }
    seg[i].l = seg[2 * i].l, seg[i].r = seg[2 * i + 1].r;
    seg[i].bl = seg[p].l, seg[i].br = seg[q].l;
  }

  vc<int> get() {
    // output sensitive complexity

    vc<int> res;
    auto dfs = [&](auto self, int k, int l, int r) -> void {
      if (!exist(k) || l >= r) return;
      if (k >= sz) {
        res.eb(seg[k].l);
        return;
      }
      if (!exist(2 * k + 0)) return self(self, 2 * k + 1, l, r);
      if (!exist(2 * k + 1)) return self(self, 2 * k + 0, l, r);
      if (r <= seg[k].bl) return self(self, 2 * k + 0, l, r);
      if (seg[k].br <= l) return self(self, 2 * k + 1, l, r);
      self(self, 2 * k + 0, l, seg[k].bl + 1);
      self(self, 2 * k + 1, seg[k].br, r);
    };
    dfs(dfs, 1, 0, N);
    for (auto&& i: res) i = to_original_idx[i];
    return res;
  }

  void debug() {
    print("points");
    FOR(i, len(P)) print(i, P[i].x, P[i].y);
    print("seg");
    FOR(i, len(seg)) print(i, seg[i].l, seg[i].r, seg[i].bl, seg[i].br);
    print("get");
    print(get());
  }
};
#line 2 "geo/convex_layers.hpp"

// https://codeforces.com/contest/1599/problem/D
vvc<int> convex_layers(vc<Point<ll>> points) {
  int N = len(points);
  DynamicUpperHull<Point<ll>> DUH(points, 1);
  FOR(i, N) points[i] = -points[i];
  DynamicUpperHull<Point<ll>> DLH(points, 1);
  vvc<int> ANS;
  int done = 0;
  int k = 0;
  while (done < N) {
    ++k;
    auto A = DLH.get();
    auto B = DUH.get();
    if (len(A) >= 2) {
      POP(A), POP(B);
      A.insert(A.end(), all(B));
      reverse(all(A));
    }
    ANS.eb(A);
    for (auto&& i: A) {
      ++done;
      DUH.erase(i);
      DLH.erase(i);
    }
  }
  return ANS;
}
#line 6 "test/library_checker/geometry/convex_layers.test.cpp"

using P = Point<ll>;
void solve() {
  LL(N);
  vc<P> A(N);
  FOR(i, N) read(A[i]);
  auto layer = convex_layers(A);
  vc<int> ANS(N);
  FOR(i, len(layer)) {
    for (auto& j: layer[i]) ANS[j] = 1 + i;
    vc<P> X = rearrange(A, layer[i]);
    if (len(X) <= 2) continue;
    FOR(a, len(X)) {
      int b = (a + 1) % len(X);
      int c = (b + 1) % len(X);
      assert(ccw(X[a], X[b], X[c]) >= 0);
    }
  }
  for (auto& x: ANS) print(x);
}

signed main() {
  solve();

  return 0;
}
Back to top page